Biblical Commentary

  • Psalm 1 Commentary

    Blessed is the man who doesn't walk in the counsel of the wicked, nor stand in the way of sinners, nor sit in the seat of scoffers; but his delight is in Yahweh's law.

  • Psalm 8 Commentary

    Yahweh, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth, who has set your glory above the heavens! When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have ordained; what is man, that you think of him?

  • Psalm 14 Commentary

    Psalm 14 laments a people who have rejected God––fools who say, "There is no God" (v. 1). It laments the way such people have become corrupt (v. 3) and "eat up (God's) people" (v. 4). It contrasts those evil people with "the poor" who find their refuge in Yahweh (v. 6)––and God's people (v. 7).

  • Psalm 15 Commentary

    Yahweh, who shall dwell in your sanctuary? Who shall live on your holy hill? He who walks blamelessly does what is right, and speaks truth in his heart.

  • Psalm 17 Commentary

    I have called on you, for you will answer me, God. Turn your ear to me. Hear my speech. Show your marvelous loving kindness, you who save those who take refuge by your right hand from their enemies.

  • Psalm 19 Commentary

    Yahweh’s law is perfect, restoring the soul. Yahweh’s testimony is sure, making wise the simple. Yahweh’s ordinances are true, and righteous altogether. More to be desired are they than gold; sweeter also than honey and the extract of the honeycomb.

  • Psalm 22 Commentary

    Yahweh's law is perfect, restoring the soul. Yahweh's testimony is sure, making wise the simple. Yahweh's ordinances are true, and righteous altogether. More to be desired are they than gold; sweeter also than honey and the extract of the honeycomb.

  • Psalm 23 Commentary

    Yahweh is my shepherd: I shall lack nothing. He makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside still waters. He restores my soul.

+ Funeral Homilies

  • Psalm 25 Commentary

    To you, Yahweh, do I lift up my soul. My God, I have trusted in you. Don't let me be shamed. Don't let my enemies triumph over me. For your name's sake, Yahweh, pardon my iniquity, for it is great.

  • Psalm 29 Commentary

    Ascribe to Yahweh, you sons of the mighty, ascribe to Yahweh glory and strength. Yahweh will give strength to his people. Yahweh will bless his people with peace.

  • Psalm 30 Commentary

    Yahweh my God, I cried to you, and you healed me. You have brought up my soul from Sheol. You have kept me alive. Sing praise to Yahweh. Give thanks to his holy name. For his anger is but for a moment. His favor is for a lifetime.

  • Psalm 31 Commentary

    In you, Yahweh, I take refuge. Let me never be disappointed. Deliver me in your righteousness. Have mercy on me, Yahweh, for I am in distress. But I trust in you, Yahweh. I said, "You are my God." My times are in your hand.

  • Psalm 32 Commentary

    Blessed is the man to whom Yahweh doesn't impute iniquity, in whose spirit there is no deceit. I acknowledged my sin to you. I didn't hide my iniquity. I said, I will confess my transgressions to Yahweh, and you forgave the iniquity of my sin.

  • Psalm 34 Commentary

    I will bless Yahweh at all times. His praise will always be in my mouth. My soul shall boast in Yahweh. The humble shall hear of it, and be glad. Oh magnify Yahweh with me. Let us exalt his name together.

  • Psalm 50 Commentary

    The Mighty One, God, Yahweh, speaks, and calls the earth from sunrise to sunset. Out of Zion, God shines forth. He calls to the heavens, "Gather my saints together to me." The heavens shall declare his righteousness, for God himself is judge.

  • Psalm 51 Commentary

    I know my transgressions. My sin is constantly before me. Against you, and you only, have I sinned, and done that which is evil in your sight. Purify me with hyssop, and I will be clean. Wash me, and I will be whiter than snow.

  • Psalm 62 Commentary

    My soul rests in God alone. My salvation is from him. He is my rock and my salvation—I will never be shaken. Trust in him at all times, you people. Pour out your heart before him. God is a refuge for us.

  • Psalm 65 Commentary

    You visit the earth, and water it. You greatly enrich it. The river of God is full of water. You provide them grain, for so you have ordained it. You drench its furrows. You level its ridges. You soften it with showers. You bless it with a crop. You crown the year with your bounty. Your carts overflow with abundance. The wilderness grasslands overflow. The hills are clothed with gladness. The pastures are covered with flocks. The valleys also are clothed with grain. They shout for joy! They also sing.

  • Psalm 66 Commentary

    Make a joyful shout to God, all the earth! Sing to the glory of his name! Offer glory and praise! Tell God, "How awesome are your deeds!

  • Psalm 78 Commentary

    Hear my teaching, my people. I will utter dark sayings of old, which our fathers have told us. We will not hide them from our children, telling to the generation to come the praises of Yahweh, his strength, and his wondrous works.

  • Psalm 80 Commentary

    Hear us, Shepherd of Israel, you who sit above the cherubim, shine forth. Before Ephraim and Benjamin and Manasseh, stir up your might! Come to save us! Turn us again, God. Cause your face to shine, and we will be saved.

  • Psalm 82 Commentary

    “Defend the weak, the poor, and the fatherless. Maintain the rights of the poor and oppressed. Rescue the weak and needy. Deliver them out of the hand of the wicked.” They don’t know, neither do they understand. They walk back and forth in darkness. All the foundations of the earth are shaken.

  • Psalm 84 Commentary

    How lovely are your dwellings, Yahweh of Armies! My soul longs, and even faints for the courts of Yahweh. My heart and my flesh cry out for the living God. Yes, the sparrow has found a home, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may have her young, near your altars, Yahweh of Armies, my King, and my God.

  • Psalm 85 Commentary

    Turn us, God of our salvation, and cause your indignation toward us to cease. Will you be angry with us forever? Revive us again, that your people may rejoice in you? Show us your loving kindness, Yahweh. Grant us your salvation.

  • Psalm 89 Commentary

    The heavens will praise your wonders, Yahweh; your faithfulness also in the assembly of the holy ones. Righteousness and justice are the foundation of your throne. Blessed are those who acclaim you. They walk in the light of your presence, Yahweh.

  • Psalm 90 Commentary

    A thousand years in your sight are like yesterday when it is past. You sweep them away as they sleep. In the morning they sprout like new grass that sprouts and springs up. By evening, it is withered and dry.

  • Psalm 91 Commentary

    Yahweh will deliver you from the snare of the fowler. Under his wings you will take refuge. His faithfulness is your shield and rampart. A thousand may fall at your side, and ten thousand at your right hand; but it will not come near you.

  • Psalm 96 Commentary

    Great is Yahweh, and greatly to be praised! He is to be feared above all gods. For all the gods of the peoples are idols, but Yahweh made the heavens. Honor and majesty are before him. Strength and beauty are in his sanctuary.

  • Psalm 98 Commentary

    "Sing to Yahweh a new song" (v. 1a). What is the significance of a new song? I will suggest some possibilities: To compose a new song requires a welling up of energy within the composer. To compose a new song for singing to Yahweh requires a welling up of faith and devotion. There is something fresh and exciting about new songs. Musical tastes change, so an old song might not speak to a new generation. "for he has done marvelous things!" (v. 1b). The psalmist explains why he is calling people to sing Yahweh a new song. It is because Yahweh has done marvelous things––has accomplished wonder after wonder.

  • Psalm 100 Commentary

    Shout for joy to Yahweh, all you lands! Serve Yahweh with gladness. Come before his presence with singing. Know that Yahweh, he is God. It is he who has made us, and we are his. We are his people, and the sheep of his pasture.

  • Psalm 103 Commentary

    This is one of a number of psalms that include a superscription concerning David. Readers through the centuries have interpreted “A Psalm by David” to mean “A Psalm written by David,” but a number of scholars question that interpretation today. There are a number of reasons for that, including the fact that “several Davidic psalms refer to the ‘temple’ (e.g., 5:7, 27:4; 65:4; 68:29” (Broyles, 28)—but the temple was built by David’s son, Solomon, and was not in existence during David’s lifetime.

  • Psalm 104 Commentary

    Yahweh covers himself with light as with a garment. He stretches out the heavens like a curtain. He lays the beams of his rooms in the waters. He makes the clouds his chariot. He laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be moved forever.

  • Psalm 107 Commentary

    Give thanks to Yahweh, for he is good, for his loving kindness endures forever. Let the redeemed by Yahweh say so, whom he has redeemed from the hand of the adversary.

  • Psalm 111 Commentary

    Yahweh is gracious and merciful. He has given food to those who fear him. He always remembers his covenant. He has shown his people the power of his works. The works of his hands are truth and justice.

  • Psalm 113 Commentary

    Psalm 113 is a Hallel (praise) psalm––one of six Egyptian Hallel Psalms that were recited during the Passover and other major Jewish festivals. Worshipers recited Psalms 113-114 at the beginning of the service and Psalms 115-118 at the end. The Egyptian Hallel Psalms commemorated the Exodus––the deliverance of Israel from Egyptian slavery. This psalm calls the congregation to praise the Lord (vv. 1-3)––then speaks of the Lord's glory (vv. 4-6)––reminds the congregation that the Lord does great things for the poor and other vulnerable people (vv. 7-9ab)––and finally calls the congregation again to praise the Lord (v. 9c).

  • Psalm 116 Commentary

    I love Yahweh, because he listens to my voice, and my cries for mercy. Because he has turned his ear to me, therefore I will call on him as long as I live.

  • Psalm 118 Commentary

    Give thanks to Yahweh, for he is good, for his loving kindness endures forever. Let Israel now say that his loving kindness endures forever. Let those who fear Yahweh say that his loving kindness endures forever.

  • Psalm 119 Commentary

    Blessed are those whose ways are blameless, who walk according to Yahweh's law. Blessed are those who keep his statutes, who seek him with their whole heart.

  • Psalm 121 Commentary

    I will lift up my eyes to the hills. Where does my help come from? My help comes from Yahweh, who made heaven and earth. He will not allow your foot to be moved. He who keeps you will not slumber. Behold, he who keeps Israel will neither slumber nor sleep.

  • Psalm 122 Commentary

    1 I was glad when they said to me, "Let's go to Yahweh's house!" 2 Our feet are standing within your gates, Jerusalem;

  • Psalm 123 Commentary

    Have mercy on us, Yahweh, have mercy on us, for we have endured much contempt. Our soul is exceedingly filled with the scoffing of those who are at ease, with the contempt of the proud.

  • Psalm 126 Commentary

    When Yahweh brought back those who returned to Zion, we were like those who dream. Then our mouth was filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing. Yahweh has done great things for us, and we are glad. Restore our fortunes again, Yahweh.

  • Psalm 130 Commentary

    I wait for Yahweh. My soul waits. I hope in his word. My soul longs for the Lord more than watchmen long for the morning. Israel, hope in Yahweh, for with Yahweh there is loving kindness. He will redeem Israel from all their sins.

  • Psalm 133 Commentary

    See how good and how pleasant it is for brothers to live together in unity! It is like the precious oil on the head, like the dew of Hermon, that comes down on the hills of Zion.

  • Psalm 138 Commentary

    I will bow down toward your holy temple, and give thanks to your Name for your loving kindness and for your truth. In the day that I called, you answered me. You encouraged me with strength in my soul.

  • Psalm 139 Commentary

    Yahweh, you have searched me, and know me. You know my sitting down and my rising up. Search me, God, and know my heart. See if there is any wicked way in me, and lead me in the everlasting way.

+ Funeral Homilies

  • Psalm 145 Commentary

    Yahweh preserves all those who love him, but all the wicked he will destroy. My mouth will speak the praise of Yahweh. Let all flesh bless his holy name forever and ever.

  • Psalm 146 Commentary

    Praise Yahweh, my soul. While I live, I will praise Yahweh. Happy is he who has the God of Jacob for his help, whose hope is in Yahweh, his God: who made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them.